Drug Testing Policy And Procedures

Cedric Fernando MD

April 5, 2023

Drug Testing Policy

Depending on state law, many employers require job applicants to undergo drug screenings as part of the application process. These tests can screen for substance abuse and protect employers from liability. Employers should have a written drug testing policy implemented by applicable laws and regulations. This will allow them to notify applicants early in the application process and obtain their consent before drug testing.

Periodic Testing-Drug Testing Policy

A drug testing policy and procedures should include a variety of reasons to test employees. These can include reasonable suspicion of drug use as part of a rehabilitation program or the company’s overall employee drug-free workplace initiative.

A company’s drug-testing policy should also clearly outline how the SAP will determine the necessary follow-up tests. This is especially important for employees with positive drug or alcohol test results from evaluations, treatment programs, or other employee screening events.

In addition to determining the number and frequency of follow-up tests, the SAP must ensure that all employees who have been tested have a record of the testing results on file with the company. This record should be a clear and complete copy of the test results and the specifics of the test, such as the date, time, and location of the test. It should also contain a summary of the findings and recommendations for the employee and the reasons for the results.

Random Testing

Random testing is an alternative to periodic drug testing and can effectively detect and deter drug use. However, it should be used in limited circumstances and only when the safety of the employee or others is at risk.

The selection process must be scientifically arbitrary and cannot be predicted or manipulated by the employer. Using a computer-based random number generator or other means, employees are selected at regular intervals, and each time they are selected, has an equal chance of being tested.

Employees who are notified of a selection should report for testing immediately. If unavailable, make up the rate by completing another selection or conducting an additional random test the following quarter.

A positive drug test should follow a substance abuse program informational session. It should also be documented and reported to the employee. This will ensure that your drug testing policy is fully complied with.

Reasonable Suspicion Testing

Reasonable suspicion testing is an important part of a drug testing policy and procedure that helps employers maintain a safe work environment. By removing employees from safety-sensitive roles who are under the influence of drugs and alcohol, companies mitigate risks of accidents, injuries, and potential lawsuits caused by employee misuse of substances.

In addition, reasonable suspicion testing can help companies reduce turnover rates. Workers’ compensation costs, and other costs associated with employee abuse of alcohol and drugs. However, it is important to note that it only works. When supervisors are properly trained in identifying drug and alcohol use in the workplace.

To identify whether or not an employee might be impaired, supervisors should take specific and articulable observations of the appearance, behavior, speech, or body odor that indicates impairment. For example, unsteady gait, the odor of a substance on the breath, thick or slurred speech, aggressive or abusive language or behavior, disorientation or lethargy, bloodshot eyes, or other physical symptoms.

Blanket Testing-Drug Testing Policy

A drug testing policy is an important part of maintaining a drug-free workplace. Employees who abuse substances are more likely to miss work. Be late to work, file more workers’ compensation claims, and have accidents on the job that cause harm to others.

Blanket testing is one way to reduce this risk. It involves testing all personnel at a work site. This is a great way to collect statistics about drug use in the workforce. And can help clarify the testing requirements in your Drug and Alcohol policy.

A blanket test is a common practice for employers. And it can be a great way to help keep a drug-free workplace. However, it’s important to keep all testing confidential and follow all regulations when implementing this policy.